Facts & Figures
- EBTC Serves a combined US and Canadian population of over 54 million
- Approximately 70% of the total US/Canadian surface trade passes through EBTC border crossings
- In 2010, 76% (4.2 million) of all trucks entering the U.S. from Canada passed through EBTC border crossings.
- Border U.S. states are not the only ones that benefit from a trade relationship with Canada — a total of 47 U.S. states have Canada as one of their top three trading partners.
- In a study released by the Department of Economics at the University of Waterloo and Wilfrid Laurier University (both in Ontario) shows delays at U.S. and Canadian border crossings costs Canada between C$15 billion and C$30 billion every year, negatively impacting both nations’ economies.
- EBTC Trade Data:
- Maine: 37,200 jobs depend on trade with Canada. Maine buys $932 million in Canadian Energy
- New Hampshire: 37,700 jobs depend on trade with Canada. New Hampshire buys $5 billion in Canadian energy.
- Vermont: 19,300 jobs in depend on trade with Canada. Vermont ships 43% of its goods exports to Canada.
- New York: 517,000 jobs depend on trade with Canada. New York buys $4.9 billion in Canadian energy. Canada is New York’s top foreign market, purchasing 19% of the state’s merchandise exports.
- Michigan: 237,000 jobs depend on trade with Canada. Michigan’s bilateral merchandise trade totals $27 million on an average day.
- Ontario imports $131.3 billion in goods from the U.S. and exports $130.6 billion. Average daily ON-U.S trade is $717 million. Ontario is home to Canada’s three busiest border crossings and accounted for just under three-quarters of Canada-U.S. road trade in 2010. International trade using Ontario’s multimodal transportation system supports over 12% of Canada’s GDP and over 15% of Canadian employment. International trade supports 26% of Ontario’s GDP and over 2 million jobs. Top international exports include motor vehicles & parts, metals and minerals, and machinery. 38% of the Ontario economy is made up of industries that are traditionally thought of as goods movement intensive, such as manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade, construction, and primary industries like agriculture and mining.
- Every day, more than $580 million in goods cross the Ontario-U.S. border by highway. International trade makes up 37% of the $1.2 trillion in goods moved on Ontario’s highways annually.
- Quebec imports $17.5 billion in U.S. goods and exports $39 billion worth. Quebec metal shipments top $10 billion annually, almost half in aluminum and alloys. Quebec supplies the U.S. market with $854 million in electrical energy.
- New Brunswick imports $2.6 billion in goods from the U.S. and exports $10.8 billion worth. New Brunswick ships $7.9 billion in energy goods to the U.S. mostly petroleum and coal products.
- Nova Scotia imports $237 million in goods from the U.S. and exports $3.2 billion worth. Nova Scotia and the U.S. trade about $555 million in energy goods.
- Prince Edward Island ships vegetables, its largest commodity export to U.S. markets. Chemicals, mostly fertilizers, account for 29% of PE’s goods imports from the U.S.
- Newfoundland and Labrador import $315 million in goods from the U.S. Newfoundland supplies the U.S. with $5.6 billion in energy goods—crude petroleum and petroleum and coal products.
Source: 2010 study commissioned by the Embassy of Canada, based on 2008 data; Ontario Ministry of Transportation